Attention is the critical skill which allows you to concentrate on one aspect of the environment while excluding all irrelevant information. This is the skill allows you to focus on your regular daily activities and perform them in an efficient manner, while ignoring other events around you.
For example, when you drive a car you should pay complete attention to what's happening on the road, but be able to ignore events occurring on the sidewalk. Or, you should be able to listen carefully to what someone is saying while ignoring other conversations in a room.
Unfortunately, as we get older, our attention capabilities are likely to decrease, but recent studies have indicated that attention skills can be improved in older adults and, as a matter of fact, these improvements may be retained for as much as five years after training. Trained adults displayed higher performance levels when performing their daily activities such as finances, housework and driving etc.
Attention is divided into the following cognitive skills:
Selective Attention Your selective attention enables you to focus on one task intensively (such as playing a sport). Improving your selective attention enhances your ability to remain focused in dynamic visual environments. Selective attention training games improve your ability to concentrate on one single item while ignoring all irrelevant information.Divided Attention
Popularly known as "multi-tasking", divided attention enables you to manage and process multiple tasks or multiple task demands simultaneously, This is what enables you to absorb relevant information at work, while driving a car, watching TV or reading the newspaper.
Divided Attention training games enhance your ability to easily manage and process various data simultaneously.
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Sustained Attention is the need to maintain attention over a period of time or while performing a continuous and repetitive activity. A simple example would be the ability to focus on reading a newspaper article long enough to complete the task, even when a distraction arises.
This skill is necessary for people who are required to continuously monitor a situation in which unpredictable and infrequent events may occur, such as focusing on a radar screen in order to immediately detect any sudden blip that might signal an approaching ship or aircraft.Orienting Attention
Also known as "focused attention", orienting attention is the ability to respond to a certain visual, auditory or tactile stimuli, when presented with two or more stimulus inputs at the same time.
This is different from "divided attention" whereby a person is also presented with two or more stimulus inputs, but required to attend and respond to all stimulus inputs simultaneously.
Studies on orientation attention indicate how effectively we select certain inputs rather than others.